WASHINGTON DC – U.S. Senators Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI), Tom Udall (D-NM), Edward J. Markey (D-MA), Gary Peters (D-MI), and Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) sent a report to the White House yesterday, on the serious ethical breaches and special interest self-dealing that has characterized the first year of Donald Trump’s presidency.
Their report details how the President and his cabinet have gained personally from the Executive power they wield; how the President’s billionaire friends and associates have attempted to raid the federal government and win special treatment from the Trump administration; and how dark money has infiltrated our politics and government like never before.
However, while the efforts to corrupt the federal government have been brazen, the Senators point out that, more often than not, such efforts have been exposed or failed outright. The report also offers proposals from Senate Democrats to safeguard our government from future corruption and instill greater transparency and accountability in the Executive Branch.
The first year of the Trump presidency has been a year of greed. The President and his family profit from his office. The President’s wealthy friends secretly work
behind the scenes to install their lackeys, extract profitable carve-outs in laws and regulations, and win special deals from the federal government.
Big businesses fund legislation and judicial efforts to gut rules that protect Americans’ health and safety. So much for “draining the swamp.”
The good news is that President Trump and his friends have not been as successful as they hoped. Congressional Democrats, the media, and the public have mobilized unlike any time in recent history to expose Trump’s greed. They’ve investigated, they’ve used checks and alances, they’ve taken to the streets to
fight back. These efforts are far from done.
This report highlights some of Trump’s and his friends’ most brazen efforts to rig the federal government in their favor, and Senate Democrats’ efforts to protect the
interests of the American people in the face of such greed.
It also offers proposals from Senate Democrats to safeguard our government from future corruption and instill greater transparency and accountability in the Executive Branch.
PRESIDENTIAL PROFITEERING AND ABUSE OF TAXPAYER DOLLARS
Since Election Day 2016, Trump and his family have broken longstanding norms and sought
to profit from their domestic and international business holdings. While every other modern
president divested from his financial entanglements, this one remains determined to augment
his personal fortune through the presidency.
The Trump Organization: Giving control of the Trump Organization to his sons
convinced no one that the president had really divested himself from his
organization’s wide-ranging interests. While he may not be running the
organization’s day-to-day operations, it is obvious to anyone who wants to influence
the president that when the Trump Organization profits, he does too. As Obama
White House ethics attorney Norm Eisen and George W. Bush White House ethics
attorney Richard Painter recently explained, “we said with great regret and sadness
that . . . the president insist[ing] on that original sin of coming into office with
crippling conflicts . . . was going to creep like a cancer through his presidency. And
Trump International Hotel and other properties: Trump’s new hotel is the place
to see and be seen if you are a corporation or foreign government that wants to
influence this administration. According to a recent report by Public Citizen, at least
64 political candidates or organizations with business before the federal
government have had events at Trump properties, including the American
Petroleum Institute, the National Mining Association, and the governments of Saudi
Arabia, Malaysia, and Kuwait.
Chinese and Russian business dealings: When the President has business
interests in a country, every action he takes demands heightened scrutiny. The
Trump Organization now has as many as 125 copyrights in China, many of which
were approved after Trump became president. Reporting has established
longstanding interest by the Trump administration to do business in Russia.
Fighting back on multiple fronts. Senate Democrats are fighting back through
litigation and legislation. Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) is the lead plaintiff in
litigation joined by nearly 200 Members of Congress arguing the President is
violating the foreign emoluments clause of the Constitution. Senator Elizabeth
Warren’s (D-MA) Presidential Conflicts of Interest Act would require presidents to
follow the same conflict of interest laws that every other member of their
administration must follow, and to disclose their tax returns—actions that until
Trump were the norm for presidents and candidates from both parties. Following a
Washington Post report that taxpayers were forced to foot the bill for more than
$1,000 in official government travel expenses for a single employee’s stay at
Trump’s Mar-a-Lago property, Senators Gary Peters (D-MI), Warren, and Tom Udall
(D-NM) introduced the Heightened Oversight of Travel, Eating and Lodging
(HOTEL) Act to prevent the abuse of taxpayer dollars used for executive branch
A culture of corruption: A culture of corruption starts at the top. The President
and his family act every day as if conflict of interest and ethical rules don’t apply to
them. It should come as no surprise that those who work in this administration feel
free to take advantage of federal taxpayers themselves. Health and Human Services
Secretary Tom Price already lost his job for using taxpayer money to book private
jets. At least three other cabinet officials, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke, EPA
Administrator Scott Pruitt, and Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, have also been
accused of lavish travel and office renovations at public expense.
Inspectors General step up. Senate Democrats have demanded reviews by agency
watchdogs, and Inspectors General at the Department of Interior, Department of the
Treasury, and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have ongoing
investigations to see whether laws and regulations have been broken. The Treasury
Inspector General (IG) had to open a second investigation after learning Mnuchin’s
office hadn’t provided it with complete information. The Interior IG had to issue a
rare “alert” during its ongoing investigation when it learned that Interior officials
had failed to keep proper records of Zinke’s travels. The EPA IG had to expand its
initial review of Pruitt’s travel as more evidence about his non-commercial flights
was made public. A list of selected IG investigations prompted by Senate Democrats
follows at the end of this report. At the same time, Senator Peters, Ranking Member
of the Subcommittee on Federal Spending Oversight, led 15 of his Senate Democratic
colleagues in a letter to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) about the
extent of the government’s oversight of this taxpayer-funded travel. After the
Senators sent this letter, OMB issued guidance requiring the White House Chief of
Staff to approve military aircraft use.
President Trump’s friends, business associates, and political donors have made daring
attempts to win special treatment from the administration to advance their own interests.
And they’ve gone to great lengths to hide their efforts.
Carl Icahn: Icahn, a close personal ally of Trump, was named during the transition
a “special advisor to the president on issues relating to regulatory reform.” Icahn
then began an effort to change a renewable fuel standard at the EPA that would
increase the value of his $200 million-plus stake in CVR Energy, a petroleum
refining company that is heavily involved in the renewable fuel credits market.
But he failed. Senate Democrats led multiple letters to the White House, EPA, and
other federal agencies calling attention to Icahn’s conflicts of interest in his
undefined role as “special advisor.” Icahn stepped down from the position in August
and, to date, the policy changes he advocated for at EPA have not happened.
Bob Murray: Murray, Chairman of Murray Energy and a major Republican
campaign donor, has given the Trump administration a to-do list of policies and
actions to benefit select coal interests. Murray has boasted that the administration
has already obediently executed a full page-worth of the nearly four-page “action
But he’s been exposed. Senate Democrats, led by Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI)
have sent multiple letters and questioned the nominee for EPA deputy
administrator on the extent of Bob Murray’s involvement in the administration’s
environmental policy. Murray’s action plan was recently obtained by Senate
Democrats, who exposed Murray’s hold on the administration.
Visitor Logs: President Obama published White House visitor logs, setting a new
standard for what the public knew about who was influencing the president and his
staff. President Trump not only stopped that practice, but extended the veil of
secrecy to the wealthy donors who mingle with him at his Mar-a-Lago and
Bedminster resorts. On at least one occasion, he discussed national security matters
and reviewed potentially sensitive national security material in the Mar-A-Lago
dining room, in full view of the club’s members, and in apparent violation of security
Congress has to act. If the president won’t guarantee transparency, Congress needs
to step up and demand it. Senator Udall’s MAR-A-LAGO Act requires the White
House to publish visitor logs for the White House and private properties Trump uses
for official business to ensure that the American people have information about who
has access to the Trump administration. Congressional Democrats have also joined
outside groups in calling for the release of the logs, which have recently come to
light through litigation.
Secret Ethics Waivers: Lobbyists and industry insiders have swarmed into
government, making a mockery out of Trump’s ballyhooed “ethics pledge.” But by
some accounts, more than 100 former lobbyists now work in the federal
government, many in positions regulating industries for which they used to work.
Although Trump claimed he was going to prohibit lobbyists in government, he is
happy to waive or ignore his own rules when they get in the way of his agenda.
No more secrets. Thanks to strong pressure from Senators Peters and Whitehouse,
the Trump Administration relented and released ethics waivers granted in the first
six months of the presidency. Congress must keep up the pressure to ensure any
waivers made going forward are made public contemporaneously so that the public
can closely monitor whether the President’s appointees really have the taxpayer’s
best interest at heart.
Michael Dourson: In 2016, Congress passed the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical
Safety for the 21st Century Act, overhauling the nation’s chemical safety laws for the
first time in 40 years. Industry and environmental groups rallied to support this
landmark bipartisan achievement. Trump nominated Dourson—who built a career
manipulating scientific research on chemicals in second-hand smoke and the
carcinogen PFOA to benefit his chemical industry clients and undermine public
safety—to enforce the new law as head of the EPA Office of Chemical Safety and
He’s out. Senate Democrats exposed Dourson’s long-standing ties to industry. They
pointed out that Dourson had been paid to defend the safety of some of the
chemicals the EPA was planning to ban under the Lautenberg Act. And Democrats
made clear that a toxicologist-for-hire has no place overseeing the EPA’s chemical
safety office.. As Senator Tammy Duckworth (D-IL) placed a hold on his nomination,
Republicans support for him eroded and he withdrew his nomination and left the
Kathleen Hartnett White: White, a prolific climate change denier from the fossil
fuel-industry funded Texas Public Policy Foundation, was nominated by Trump to
chair the White House Council on Environmental Quality. She has written that
carbon pollution in the atmosphere is “unquestionably a huge social benefit.” She
has also compared climate science to a “cult.” Asked about the warming of the
oceans at her confirmation hearing, she admitted, “I do not have any kind of
expertise or even such layman’s study of the ocean dynamics and the climate change
She’s going nowhere. Questioning at White’s hearing went viral and exposed her
ignorance of basic environmental research and scientific laws. She was also asked
to submit new and original responses to questions for the record after Senator Tom
Carper (D-DE) discovered that portions of at least 18 of her responses were plagiarized
from responses previously submitted by other nominees to the Senate
Environment and Public Works Committee.
Michael Flynn: Flynn, Trump’s former National Security Advisor, peddled a plan to
build nuclear reactors throughout the Middle East in part to influence the balance of
power in the region. His actions have raised serious concerns over whether Trump
foreign policy is being conducted for profit.
The administration was called to account. Senator Ed Markey (D-MA) called on
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Energy Rick Perry to provide a
briefing on the status of all current and ongoing discussions between the United
States and other countries on concluding peaceful nuclear cooperation agreements,
also known as “123 agreements.”
DARK MONEY ILLUMINATED
In the first Republican administration after the Supreme Court’s disastrous Citizens United
decision, dark money controls our government like never before.
Scott Pruitt and Betsy DeVos: EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt and Education
Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos are a new breed of cabinet secretary: ones that
have burnished their standing with industry insiders by raising and spending
anonymous political money. Pruitt raised millions of dollars from industries he now
regulates to further his own career and the careers of like-minded Republicans
across the country. DeVos established secretive 501(c)(4) organizations to hide
how she spent her personal fortune to influence candidates and advance her radical
education agenda. Her political action committee also failed to pay over $5 million
in fines for violating election laws. Neither answered congressional inquiries about
their dark-money political activities and relationships.
Loopholes exposed. Our ethics laws are stuck in a pre-Citizens United world.
Nominees aren’t required to disclose their fundraising for candidates or other
political causes. Senator Whitehouse’s Conflicts from Political Fundraising Act
would require presidentially appointed executive branch officials to disclose
whether they have solicited donations for or contributed funds to political action
committees, political non-profits, and industry trade associations. This would
prevent potentially serious conflicts of interest for cabinet secretaries and other top
executive branch officials who may be charged with regulating the very donors who
propelled their political careers.
Neil Gorsuch: Gorsuch’s Supreme Court nomination was supported by a dark
money group called the Judicial Crisis Network. This was the same group that
invested millions of dollars of dark money to keep President Obama’s choice, Judge
Merrick Garland, from even getting a Senate hearing. Fueled by a single $17.9
million contribution from an unnamed donor, the group spent a nearly identical
amount to ensure a Republican president’s choice filled the most recent vacancy on
the high court.
But the money was exposed. Senate Democrats used Gorsuch’s hearings to expose
the dark money spending behind his nomination and hold Gorsuch to account.
Todd Ricketts: Ricketts had no real qualification to be Deputy Commerce
Secretary, but he did have money—lots of anonymous political money. Ricketts’
501(c)(4), 45 Committee, is reported to have spent over $20 million in the 2016
election, and then as much as $4 million to support Trump’s cabinet picks.
Not enough. As Ricketts’ ties to dark money political spending before and after the
election were exposed by the media and Senate investigators, his path to the
Commerce Department became harder and harder. After months of stonewalling,
and pressure by Senate Democrats, Ricketts withdrew his nomination.
Foreign influence: National security leaders, election law experts, and
international leaders agree: Russia and other foreign actors have exploited our
opaque campaign finance and incorporation laws to influence our elections and
undermine our democracy. They did it in 2016 and they will try again in 2018 and
DISCLOSE, now more than ever. If Congress doesn’t act, America remains exposed to
foreign meddling. Senator Whitehouse has unveiled a new version of the DISCLOSE
Act, his legislation to require organizations spending money in elections to disclose
their donors. The new bill would also crack down on shell companies by requiring
companies spending money in elections to disclose their true owners, so election
officials and the public know who is behind the spending.
INSPECTOR GENERAL INVESTIGATIONS
Most federal agencies have an independent IG that investigates allegations of waste, fraud,
and abuse, and violations of law and internal procedures by agency personnel. Inspectors
General may initiate investigations at the request of members of Congress. The following list
includes selected IG investigations initiated by requests from Senate Democrats.
A January 29, 2017 letter from Senators Duckworth and Richard Durbin (D-IL) to
Department of Homeland Security IG John Roth calling for an independent
investigation into the agency’s potentially illegal implementation of President
Trump’s rushed and poorly drafted executive order limiting travel from certain
Muslim-majority countries. In November, the IG informed the Senators that U.S.
Customs and Border Protection had violated at least two separate federal court
orders and likely deprived travelers of their constitutional rights. The Department
of Homeland Security refused to release the IG’s 87- page report.
A January 31, 2017 letter from Senators Warren and Patty Murray (D-WA) to the
Department of Health and Human Services IG Daniel Levinson requesting and
investigation into the decision to halt advertisements promoting Affordable Care Act
A May 19, 2017 letter from six Democratic Senators to Department of Labor IG Scott
Dahl raising a number of concerns with recent decisions by the Department of Labor
to delay the implementation of two safety regulations to protect workers from lethal
and carcinogenic substances, and an apparent reversal in OSHA policy of
announcing major workplace safety violations.
A July 24, 2017 letter from eight Democratic members of the Senate Committee on
Energy and Natural Resources to Deputy IG of the Department of the Interior Mary
Kendall requesting that she look into reports of the arbitrary reassignment of as
many as 50 Senior Executive Service employees at the Department. This lead to an
investigation that resulted in the Department putting staff reorganization on hold
pending the outcome.
A September 20, 2017 letter from Senators Ron Wyden (D-OR), Murray and Peters
Department of Health and Human Services IG Daniel Levinson requesting an
investigation into reports that Secretary Tom Price had been using taxpayer funds
to book private jets to accommodate his travel. The IG publicly confirmed that it
would investigate, and within a week Secretary Price had resigned.
A November 1, 2017 letter from Senator Warren to Department of Health and
Human Services IG Daniel Levinson, Department of Labor IG Scott Dahl and
Department of the Treasury IG Eric Thorson calling on them to thoroughly review
the implementation and impact of Trump’s October 12, 2017 executive order on the
Affordable Care Act.
A November 30, 2017 letter from Senator Warren to Department of the Treasury IG
Eric Thorson calling for an investigation into the Department of the Treasury’s use
of taxpayer dollars to conduct economic analyses of the Republican tax plan,
including whether there was any political interference in the Department’s analyses,
and why they were not publicly released.
A December 5, 2017 letter from seven Democratic Senators to Acting Department of
Homeland Security IG John Kelly calling for an investigation of the Federal
Emergency Management Agency’s decision, following the devastation caused by
Hurricane Maria, to award over $30 million in contracts to Bronze Star LLC for
temporary roofing materials in Puerto Rico that were never delivered.
A December 18, 2017 letter from Senator Carper to EPA IG Arthur Elkins requesting
he expand his current audit of EPA Administrator Scott Pruitt’s travel to include
Administrator Pruitt’s recently reported four-day trip to Morocco to promote U.S.
liquefied natural gas exports – an issue that does not fall within the jurisdiction of
The first year of Donald Trump’s presidency has been marred by special interest self-dealing and serial breaches of ethics. However, while the efforts to corrupt the federal government have been brazen, such efforts have largely been exposed or failed outright. Senate Democrats remain determined to shore up the systems of transparency and accountability in our government and to hold the Trump administration to the highest ethical standards.